The Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter 2.0

Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter (MVMC) 2.0, a supported, freely available solution for converting VMware-based virtual machines and virtual disks to Hyper-V-based virtual machines and virtual hard disks (VHDs).

MVMC can be deployed with minimal dependencies. Because MVMC provides native support for Windows PowerShell®, it enables scripting and integration with data center automation workflows such as those authored and run within Microsoft System Center Orchestrator 2012 R2. It can also be invoked through the Windows PowerShell® command-line interface. The solution is simple to download, install, and use. In addition to the Windows PowerShell capability, MVMC provides a wizard-driven GUI to facilitate virtual machine conversion.

MVMC 2.0Migration-of-a-VM-with-MVMC-2.0_thumb

With the release, you will be able to access many updated features including:

  • Added support for vCenter & ESX(i) 5.5
  • VMware virtual hardware version 4 – 10 support
  • Linux Guest OS migration support including CentOS, Debian, Oracle, Red Hat Enterprise, SuSE enterprise and Ubuntu.

Microsoft has also added two great new features:

  • On-Premises VM to Azure VM conversion: You can now migrate your VMware virtual machines straight to Azure. Ease your migration process and take advantage of Microsoft’s cloud infrastructure with a simple wizard driven experience.
  • PowerShell interface for scripting and automation support: Automate your migration via workflow tools including System Center Orchestrator and more. Hook MVMC 2.0 into greater processes including candidate identification and migration activities.

At this time, Microsoft is also announcing the expected availability of MVMC 3.0 in fall of 2014. In that release we will be providing physical to virtual (P2V) machine conversion for supported versions of Windows.

For more information about the MVMC 2.0 solution including how to download, make sure you visit here.

Summary

With Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V and System Center 2012 R2, Microsoft has a solution to enable customers to virtualize their key, mission critical workloads and realize significant savings compared to VMware. Hyper-V enables customers to run their largest workloads. It offers massive host, VM and cluster scalability. It provides powerful storage, networking, and automation features that enterprises and service providers demand. With a number of supported tools, you have many options available to test and continue your migration to Hyper-V.

Reference Architecture Released: Citrix Service Provider on Microsoft Cloud OS

Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture Kicks off version 4 series of architectural documents for Citrix Service Providers

Source:http://blogs.citrix.com/2014/07/31/reference-architecture-released-citrix-service-provider-on-microsoft-cloud-os/

We are excited to announce the first in a wave of new architectural documents for Citrix Service Provider partners, the “Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture on Microsoft Cloud OS.” This fourth version of the Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture provides detailed guidance on the particulars of implementing Citrix technologies for Desktops-as-a-Service on Microsoft Cloud OS, plus also communicates many of the high level architectural concepts that can be (and have been) applied in Citrix CloudPlatform based environments.

With the exciting innovations provided in Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2, Hyper-V 3.0, SMB 3.0, and Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 R2, Citrix welcomed the opportunity to initiate our v4 Reference Architecture validation tests on this new platform.  To put it simply, there have been many critical innovations across both the Microsoft and Citrix solutions since the June 2012 release of the version 3 Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture. During the design (and discovery) phase we took some time to investigate the options to provide the solution that could best leverage the complementary Citrix and Microsoft capabilities.

Current Citrix Service Providers can download the new Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture on Microsoft Cloud OS on the Citrix Service Provider Center of Excellence.

Watch the Citrix blogs for a series of posts explaining the new details of the new Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture on Microsoft Cloud OS.

What’s new in the Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture for CloudOS

The Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture enables Citrix Service Providers to deliver Windows applications, desktops, and data as Desktops-as-a-Service through an integrated set of Citrix and partner technologies:

–  Citrix XenDesktop® unifies the delivery of hosted applications and desktops (XenApp) with virtual desktops (XenDesktop) using a single architecture and management experience. Because of advancements in HDX technologies, this XenDesktop release improves the user experience, especially for mobile users on various endpoint devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets, laptops, PCs, or Macs) across diverse bandwidth connections.

–  The Citrix Cloud Provider Pack (CPP) contains several Citrix Service Provider-specific enhancements that enable more effective multi-tenant management of the Citrix Service Provider solution.  Two key components of this CPP release are:

  • Citrix App Orchestration allows Citrix Service Providers to automate the delivery of applications and desktops in multi-tenant environments across multiple XenDesktop sites or XenApp farms, Active Directory domains, and datacenters. App Orchestration enables Citrix Service Providers to build offerings with a defined set of apps, desktops, and resources accessible to tenant users that are selected from an application storefront.
  • CloudPortalTM Services Manager provides an easy-to-use web portal that helps Citrix Service Providers manage service delivery and subscriber offerings, simplifying delivery across datacenters.

The architecture makes application and desktop services available to users of any Citrix Receiver enabled endpoint device over secured Internet connections using Citrix NetScaler®. For subscriber locations that aggregate a number of endpoints in a single setting, such as a small retail business, accounting office, or medical clinic, Citrix Branch Repeater can be added to provide a high-definition user experience to multiple endpoints over an optimized network connection. The administrative simplicity provided through the integrated Citrix software components allows subscriber volumes at very large scale to be managed with a relatively modest number of Citrix Service Provider administrators and tenant on-boarding personnel as compared to other models.

Enabling Faster Delivery of Desktops-as-a-Service

Companies of all sizes are looking for a smarter approach to managing the applications and data they use to run their business. More devices, more applications, and more places to work means business owners have to spend an increasing amount of time on IT. Citrix Service Providers can shift the focus for these customers back to where it matters the most — growing their business. By offering a bundle of applications, desktops, and IT services, customers can get the applications and desktops they need in an easy-to-use, pay-as-you-go subscription model.

This Citrix Service Provider Reference Architecture represents a common view of technologies and best practices as recommended by Citrix and employed by many successful Citrix Service Providers. With core architectural innovations and cross-product integration, Citrix Service Providers can build a reliable, scalable, and high-performance solution in order to provide to provide tenants monthly subscriptions to Windows-based application and desktop services. The Citrix Service Provider licensing program and Citrix technologies provide a foundation for aggregating servers that can service millions of active subscribers across multiple tenants, while creating a single, comprehensive management view.  Ultimately this provides a solution that enables Citrix Service Providers to build flexible, scalable, and cost-effective solutions that meet customer needs at an attractive and competitive price point.

A Commitment to Service Providers: Continued Implementation Guidance

Today’s release is the first in a series of new Citrix Service Provider Architectural documents.  Keep up to date on the upcoming guidance for incorporating more technologies with a Citrix-based hosted services environment.

Get started now with Citrix App Orchestration 2.5 using guidance from the “What’s New in App Orchestration 2.5” document and embrace the latest App Orchestrations innovations. Watch the Citrix Service Provider Center of Excellence for more detail on App Orchestration, CloudPlatform and further developments from the Citrix Solutions Lab.

XenApp & XenDesktop 7.5

XenApp & XenDesktop 7.5

Citrix heeft enkele weken geleden nieuwe releases uitgebracht van XenDesktop en XenApp. Dus niet alleen een nieuwe versie van XenDesktop maar ook (terug van weg geweest) een nieuwe versie van XenApp versie 7.5. Dit is verrassend gezien het feit dat met de komst van XenDesktop 7 XenApp een onderdeel was geworden van het XenDesktop product als zijnde XenDesktop App edition. Nu dus toch weer een nieuwe release van XenApp als product. XenApp 7.5 is net als we al gezien hebben in de XenDesktop 7.x versie nu ook gebaseerd op de nieuwe FlexCast Management Architecture (FMA). Deze architectuur kennen wel al vanuit eerdere XenDesktop 7.x. versies. IMA heeft daarmee zijn langste tijd gehad en gaan we waarschijnlijk ook niet meer terug zien. FMA heeft onder andere als voordeel dat het minder architectuur nodig heeft en het met een “broker” functie werkt. Dus geen Datacollectors meer. FMA werkt met een “agent” functie, op de server of desktop wordt een agent geïnstalleerd waarmee het een onderdeel wordt van de Citrix omgeving. Het geeft daarmee voor XenApp net als in eerdere versies van XenDesktop ook de mogelijk gebruik te maken van de deployment oplossing van Machine creation services (MCS). Vanzelfsprekend is nog wel steeds remote desktop services nodig. Hieronder een overzicht van de FlexCast management architectuur.

 

FlexCast Management Architecture.png

Afbeelding 1: FlexCast management Architecture

Citrix Hybride Cloud Provisioning

Een van de zaken die er in de nieuwe release van beide producten in zit is het Hybride Cloud Provisioning. Dit geeft de mogelijkheid om bij het aanmaken van een machine pool dit niet op de bestaande lokale infrastructuur te doen maar direct naar de Cloud. Zo kan het schalen van een Citrix infra gecombineerd worden met Cloud resources. Het uiteindelijke resultaat moet zijn dat een omgeving schaalbaar en flexibeler wordt voor elke situatie.
Hybrid Cloud Provisioning.jpg
Hybride Cloud Provisioning

Remote PC Access

Al eerder aanwezig in XenDesktop maar nu ook terug te vinden in beide nieuwe releases is Remote PC Acces. Citrix remote pc acces geeft de mogelijkheid om een fysieke pc of elke andere pc of virtuele desktop os te voorzien van agent om vervolgens remote via de bestaande Citrix infrastructuur beschikbaar te maken. Hiermee kunnen bijvoorbeeld fysieke beheer werkplekken via Citrix beschikbaar gesteld worden. Het is ook ideaal voor de start met VDI zonder direct een complete VDI omgeving te moeten investeren. Er kan gewoon op de bestaande fysieke desktop doorgewerkt worden. Door een koppeling met System center Configuration Manager 2012 R2 te maken kan er zelfs met wake on lan gewerkt worden.
Remote PC Access Citrix.jpg
Afbeelding 2: Remote PC Acces

Upgrade path XenDesktop en XenApp 7.5

Upgrade path van bestaande Citrix omgeving naar de XenDesktop en XenApp versie 7.5 is zoals hieronder te zien is in de tabel in veel gevallen mogelijk door middel van een upgrade. Alleen bij de oudere versies van XenApp en XenDesktop is een nieuwe farm en dus migratie nodig. Overigens is het advies nooit een upgrade te doen tenzij de omstandigheden of grootte dit niet toelaten.
XenApp Upgrade Path.png
XenDesktop Upgrade Path.png

Storefront 2.5.

Met de nieuwe release van XenApp en XenDesktop is er ook een nieuwe versie van storefont gekomen versie 2.5. Ondanks de nieuwe release van Storefront en de mogelijkheden en daarmee het advies van Citrix om toch vooral naar storefront te gaan heeft Citrix de support van de oude webinterface versie 5.4 verlengt. Dit is gedaan om beheerders meer tijd te geven te migreren naar Storefront maar ook om de beheerders de kans te geven meerdere en vooral oude en nieuwe farms eenvoudig door elkaar te kunnen draaien om de migratie weer minder spannend te maken. Storefront 2.5 bevat wel de nodige verbeteringen die de migratie naar Storefront meer en meer de moeite waard maken. Een van de belangrijkste is toch wel het single sign on deel. Dit maakt het mogelijk om een gebruiker vanaf een domain joined systeem van buitenaf (via de NetScaler) met internet Explorer via het web applicaties zonder nieuwe authenticatie te laten starten. Deze verbetering is een echte klant wens en in veel gevallen een rede geweest om te wachten met de migratie naar storefront. In de nieuwe release van storefront zit eveneens een verbetering van de HTML5 receiver. Deze receiver speciaal ontwikkeld voor de Chromebook is ook handig in andere externe inlog mogelijkheden zoals een internet café. De verbeteringen in de HTML5 receiver zitten hem voornamelijk in de verbeterde ondersteuning van 2D en 3D applicaties maar ook audio is enorm verbeterd.
HTML 5 Receiver.png
Afbeelding 3: HTML5 Receiver
In de totale lijst van vernieuwingen en verbeteringen zijn geen spectaculaire zaken terug vinden. Dit was ook niet te verwachten. In de beide releases zijn vooral op kleine zaken enorme verbeteringen doorgevoerd. Al deze kleine zaken hebben echter wel een compleet beter resultaat op zowel beheer als de gebruikers ervaring. Zo zijn er verbeteringen in de touch ervaring op touch enabled devices en is er opnieuw veel aandacht uitgegaan aan de mogelijkheden over WAN en high latency verbindingen met zware 2D en 3D ondersteuning (server side rendering) want beide release meer dan de moeite waard maken.
Bent u geïnteresseerd in de nieuwe releases van XenApp en XenDesktop of heeft u vragen over de mogelijkheden van Citrix voor uw organisatie? Dan kunt u contact opnemen met Carlo Schaeffer via c.schaeffer@icento.nl of bellen naar 010 – 750 45 90.

Cool new Windows 8 VDI and RDS capabilities!

Windows Server “8” Beta, has a lot of new Remote Desktop Services, VDI and administration capabilities to simplify deploying virtual machine-based and/or session-based desktops or applications. This includes new features related to pooled deployment (single virtual desktop template across many users), personal desktops (one VHD per user), and user profile disks.

Adam Carter has created a brief video to overview the above new features of Remote Desktop Services (not a complete list of all new features) on the Edge Show. A must see video.

Edge Show 16 – Windows Server 8 VDI

Remove Favorites, Libraries and Network from Windows 7 / 2008R2 Common File Dialog (Windows Explorer)

Within Windows Explorer you got the common file dialog (Shown @ the screenshot below). Within this dialog you got a favorite link, a Libraries link and a network link. These links are in some cases a security problem. You don’t want users to use the libraries folder witch contains all users folders when they work on systems that share users for example XenApp servers. Also you don’t want users to browse the network or see auto discovered server names…Here is described how you get rid of it!

You can set these registry settings within the 2008 computer policy’s with the registry but there is a problem with the rights. Standard the system and the administrators don’t have rights to set the settings. You have to change the acl to set the registry keys!

1. To remove the Favorites, the key is:

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\ShellFolder]
“Attributes”=dword:a0900100

Changing a0900100 to a9400100 will hide Favorites from Navigation Pane.

2. For Libraries, the key is:

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{031E4825-7B94-4dc3-B131-E946B44C8DD5}\ShellFolder]
“Attributes”=dword:b080010d

Changing b080010d to b090010d will hide Libraries from Navigation Pane.

3. For Network, the key is

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{F02C1A0D-BE21-4350-88B0-7367FC96EF3C}\ShellFolder]
“Attributes”=dword: b0940064

This first part is, in the 32-bit world, the solution for the Windows Explorer ánd the Common File Dialog. But in the 64-bit world you need another registry key edited. This is basically the same key, but in the Wow6432Node ‘folder’ within the registry.
The trick!:

1. To remove the Favorites X64 , the key is:

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\ShellFolder]
“Attributes”=dword:a0900100

Changing a0900100 to a9400100 will hide Favorites from Navigation Pane.

2. For Libraries X64, the key is:

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{031E4825-7B94-4dc3-B131-E946B44C8DD5}\ShellFolder]
“Attributes”=dword:b080010d

Changing b080010d to b090010d will hide Libraries from Navigation Pane.

3. For Network X64, the key is

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{F02C1A0D-BE21-4350-88B0-7367FC96EF3C}\ShellFolder]
“Attributes”=dword: b080010d

Changing b080010d to b090010d will hide Libraries from Navigation Pane.

XenDesktop 5.5 is Here!

Citrix is announcing the immediate availability of XenDesktop 5.5.

Citrix continues to innovate in the desktop virtualization space and build on the on the market leading trajectory established with first with XenDesktop 4.0 — the industry’s first VDI offering to provide integrated app and desktop delivery in a single product – and extended with XenDesktop 5.0 —  focused on simplification and scalability for the administrator to deploy and manage virtual desktops.   With the release of XenDesktop 5.5, Citrix  takes it up a notch yet again and sets the new standard for desktop virtualization — including the ability to deliver personal VDI desktops, provide an unparalleled user experience with more than 150 new HDX features and enhancements, deliver “headquarters-like” experience across the  WAN to  remote workers and branch offices and new Citrix Receivers for Windows and MacOS.  Whew!  That was a long sentence :-)

You can read about all of the news here.

Personal VDI desktops and reducing cost

The Citrix focus on end user experience and reducing costs of virtual desktop deployments was the driving force behind the RingCube acquisition and today’s announcement of the availability of the personal vDisk technology as a feature of XenDesktop 5.5.

If you haven’t heard about it, the new personal vDisk technology enables IT to realize the cost saving and management of pooled virtual desktops, while providing  personalization capabilities for profiles, data and applications that is typically found in a dedicated VDI deployment model.   Since we announced the acquisition of RingCube two weeks ago, my inbox has exploded with requests for more information regarding pricing,  packaging and availability.  I am pleased to confirm today that the personal vDisk technology will be included in all editions of XenDesktop at no additional charge.  The personal vDisk technology is available today as an “Early Access” feature for customers with Software Assurance to use in their labs and proof of concepts to get familiar with the technology.  In less then two weeks since the closing of this acquisition, we have delivered on the first release that is integrated with XenDesktop.  Using XenDesktop Studio, administrators can quickly create and deploy virtual desktops that take advantage of the personal vDisk technology.  The combination of the user acceptance of the personal VDI desktop and the IT cost savings allow organizations to deploy virtual desktops to a wider based of end users – truly creating a win-win situation.

You get additional technical information on the personal vDisk here.

New! XenApp 6.5 Available Now!

These are exciting times for desktop virtualization.  The industry is growing and Citrix is leading the charge.  The XenDesktop product line is getting plenty of well-deserved attention, but today Citrix is also announcing exciting new enhancements for XenApp 6.5. Whether included as a component of XenDesktop Enterprise and Platinum or deployed as a standalone product, XenApp has long been recognized as the de-facto standard in on-demand app delivery.  Now with turbo-charged app launches and a seamless multimedia experience over any network, XenApp 6.5 makes the user experience better than ever.

Instant App Access

The XenApp 6.5 feature generating the most excitement among customers is Instant App Access.  Gone are the days when users would have to wait several seconds for the creation of an ICA session before their application launched.  By creating an ICA session immediately upon user log-in to Citrix Receiver, Session Pre-Launch dramatically reduces overall application launch times. Since the ICA session is created even before the user clicks the application icon, the only remaining time to wait is for the application launch itself.  Depending on the application, this can be nearly instantaneous.

Similar technology allows an ICA session to linger after users close their last published app so that the next application launch is just as instantaneous.  While these features do consume a license, the time periods for lingering or pre-launch are configurable by the IT admin.

Seamless multimedia experience with HDX

With only a few exceptions, all of the HDX enhancements seen in XenDesktop 5.5 are also applicable for XenApp 6.5. For example, significant updates to HDX MediaStream for Flash mean that Adobe® Flash® content can be rendered locally over more network conditions than before.  This dynamically takes advantage of computing resources at the end point, resulting in even higher server scalability and a great user experience even at up to 300ms round-trip latency.

Multi-Stream ICA

IT administrators now have the option of delivering XenApp ICA traffic over up to four TCP/IP streams. Now instead of prioritizing the entire ICA pipeline over HTTP traffic, this feature enables more granular control for Quality of Service (QoS) routing.  Now customers can provide superior audio/visual quality for apps delivered over the WAN for example without disrupting other HTTP traffic.

Any Device, Anywhere with Citrix Receiver

XenApp 6.5 takes advantage of new Citrix Receiver enhancements for extreme multi-tasking, faster Windows app performance and advanced Linux device support. Customers can now deliver self-service apps to more than one billion devices, including PCs, Macs, tablets, smartphones, and thin clients – and all major device operating platforms, including new environments like iOS, Android, and Google ChromeOS.   Add it all up and we’re talking about over 1 Billion devices.

Enhanced Desktop Experience

Previously provided as an add-on pack for XenApp 6.0, support for an enhanced desktop experience is now included as an integrated feature of XenApp 6.5. IT can transform the typical server desktop published by XenApp.  This feature enables support for themes, installs accessory apps, and allows for the display of high-res wallpapers.  With a Windows-7 like Start Menu and taskbar, users can enjoy the look and feel of a Windows 7 desktop, while IT can benefit from the server density and locked down image management of a hosted shared desktop

Desktop Director

When end-users need support help with their XenApp delivered apps, help desk support staffs can use the popular Desktop Director console that now includes the integrated capability to assist users with applications delivered by XenApp and with desktops delivered by XenDesktop.

Dynamic Data Center Provisioning

Now XenApp 6.5 deployments can be scaled in record time by creating “controller” or “worker” roles in a XenApp server farm.  Because workers in the farm need to sync much less data, fewer overall database transactions are required.  Plus, these new roles make the process of joining a large number of servers to a XenApp farm faster and easier.

These are just a few of the new features in XenApp 6.5.  For a full list of all features and a comparison to previous versions, you can refer to the new comparative feature matrix.

For a free interactive overview of XenApp 6.5 be sure to check out this new online course.

System Center Virtual Machine Manager Self-Service Portal 2.0 SP1 released

Are your datacenter costs rising? Does your current infrastructure make it difficult to scale up or down quickly to respond to the changing needs of your organization? To meet these challenges, you need a more cost-effective, agile way to provide IT services—quickly, efficiently, and on demand.

System Center Virtual Machine Manager Self-Service Portal 2.0 SP1 is a free, partner-extensible solution that allows you to dynamically pool, allocate, and manage datacenter resources. Using the Self-Service Portal, you can reduce IT costs, while increasing agility for your organization. The Self-Service Portal works with products and technologies you know and trust, like Windows Server and the System Center product suite. This solution delivers:

  • Automated web portals and a workload provisioning engine that integrates with System Center.
  • Tested guidance and best practices to help configure and deploy private cloud infrastructures.
  • Guidance to help partners easily extend functionality.
  • Localization in three languages: Japanese, Traditional Chinese, and Simplified Chinese.

Self-Service Portal Technology Partners

The Self-Service Portal includes powerful extensibility features for Microsoft technology partners. Independent software and hardware vendors can customize different virtual machine actions (create, delete, stop, start, shut down, connect, pause, and so on) to take advantage of the unique characteristics of their infrastructure.

Citrix

Citrix Integration Pack for Self-Service Portal

The integration pack integrates Essentials for Hyper-V with System Center by automatically provisioning the storage whenever a virtual machine is commissioned though the Self-Service Portal.
Learn more >

Compellent

Compellent Solution Pack for Self-Service Portal

Utilizing Windows PowerShell® with the Compellent Storage Center SAN, Compellent’s Solution Pack enables the integration and support for self-service provisioning of data storage resources with Virtual Machine Manager and Windows Server Hyper-V™ through the Self-Service Portal.
Learn more >

f5

F5 Solution for Self-Service Portal

The F5 solution for Virtual Machine Manager Self-Service Portal adds the option for traffic management by the BIG-IP application delivery controller (ADC) within the service role section of a user request. Executing this option automatically configures the BIG-IP for the request of VMs as they come online.
Learn more >

HP

HP Services Using the Self-Service Portal

Accelerate your journey to the private cloud with HP’s Converged Infrastructure and HP Technology Consulting services. Begin with a short assessment, then continue to implementation based on HP’s deep experience in the datacenter. HP uses pre-developed scripts, portals, and cmdlets to integrate into your environment and build a self-service infrastructure.
Learn more >

Intel

Intel Cloud Builder Guide: Cloud Design and Deployment on Intel Platforms

The Intel reference architecture will assist organizations that require their cloud data and assets to reside on premises and those that need to support a new business domain with a separate IT infrastructure that is scalable and flexible.
Learn more >

NetApp

NetApp ApplianceWatch PRO 2.1.1

Accelerate virtual machine provisioning, and increase storage efficiencies in private cloud implementations managed by the Self-Service Portal with the integration scripts and PowerShell cmdlets included in ApplianceWatch PRO 2.1.1 that enable rapid provisioning of space-efficient VMs using NetApp FlexClone technology.
Learn more >

VKernel

VKernel Chargeback with Hyper-V

VKernel Chargeback with Hyper-V enables private clouds to automatically map virtualization costs to applications and customers by reporting on allocated costs and by measuring and expensing the actual consumption of server and storage resources by cloud customers.
Learn more >